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Periodontal disease known as Periodontitis or Gum disease is the most common cause of adult tooth loss in the United States. On average, 50% of American adults between the age of 30 and 90 suffer from bleeding gums. If you have been diagnosed with periodontal disease, the good news is that it often can be treated successfully. Periodontists are dentistry’s consultants in treating disease. They receive up to three further years of specialized coaching in disease treatment in each non-surgical treatment and periodontal cosmetic surgery procedure.   

What causes gum disease?

Our mouths are full of bacteria.  These bacteria, besides mucous secretion and different particles, perpetually form a sticky, colorless “plaque” on teeth. Brushing and flossing facilitate getting rid of plaque. Plaque that's not removed will harden and form “tartar” that brushing doesn’t clean.

Gingivitis The longer plaque and tartar are on teeth, the more harmful they become. The bacteria cause inflammation of the gums that is called “gingivitis.” In gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen, and can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be reversed with daily brushing and flossing and regular cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist. This form of gum disease does not include any loss of bone and tissue that hold teeth in place.

Periodontitis When gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to “periodontitis” (which means “inflammation around the tooth”). In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces (called “pockets”) that become infected. The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the body’s natural response to infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. If not treated, the bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are destroyed. The teeth may eventually become loose and have to be removed.

Risk Factors

Smoking. Need one more reason to quit smoking? Smoking is one of the foremost important risk factors related to the event of gum sickness. in addition, smoking will lower the probability of fortunate treatment.

Hormonal changes in girls/women. These changes can make gums more sensitive and make it easier for gingivitis to develop.

Diabetes. People with diabetes are at higher risk for developing infections, including gum disease.

Other illnesses and their treatments. Diseases such as AIDS and its treatments can negatively affect the health of gums, as can treatments for cancer.

Medications. There are hundreds of prescription and over-the-counter medications that can reduce the flow of saliva, which has a protective effect on the mouth. Without enough saliva, the mouth is vulnerable to infections such as gum disease. And some medicines can cause abnormal overgrowth of the gum tissue; this can make it difficult to keep teeth and gums clean.

Genetic susceptibility. Some people are more prone to severe gum disease than others.

Surgical Treatments Flap Surgery. Surgery could be necessary if inflammation and deep pockets remain following treatment with deep cleanup and medications. A medical practitioner or dentist might perform flap surgery to get rid of tartar deposits in deep pockets or to cut back the dentistry pocket and create it easier for the patient, dentist, and hygienist to keep the area clean. This common surgery involves lifting back the gums and removing the tartar. The gums are then sutured back in place so the tissue fits snugly around the tooth once more. After surgery, the gums can heal and work additional tightly around the tooth. This generally ends up in the teeth appearing longer.

Bone and Tissue Grafts. In addition to flap surgery, your dental practitioner or medical practitioner might recommend procedures to help regenerate any bone or gum tissue lost to periodontal disease. Bone attachment, in which natural or artificial bone is placed within the space of bone loss, will facilitate promote bone growth. a method that may be used with bone attachment is named radio-controlled tissue regeneration. During this procedure, a little piece of mesh-like material is inserted between the bone and gum tissue. This keeps the gum tissue from growing into the world wherever the bone ought to be, permitting the bone and animal tissue to produce. Growth factors – proteins that may facilitate your body to naturally produce bone – may additionally be used. In cases wherever gum tissue has been lost, your medical practitioner or dental practitioner might recommend a soft tissue graft, within which artificial material or tissue is taken from another space of your mouth is employed to hide exposed tooth roots.

Average Cost Of Periodontal Treatments

The average cost of some of the Periodontal procedures is as below. Gum Graft Surgery – $700 to $1000 for one or two teeth. Dental Implant – $1000 to $3000. Laser Treatment – $400 for one tooth to $4500 for the whole mouth

Periodontal treatments can be expensive and you might find them difficult to afford. Financing your treatment is a simple and affordable way of spreading the costs. Now, you can undergo the treatment when you need it and pay back the treatment cost in affordable monthly installments. Denefits is a revolutionary healthcare patient payment plan platform that works as financial protection for your procedures of all ranges. Denefits provides patient payment plans with no credit check & at low-interest rates, instantly.

Care After Treatment

Once your periodontal treatment is completed, your dentist may recommend more frequent checkups and cleanings. Regular dental visits and deep cleanings are important to keep periodontal disease under control. In some cases, your appointments may alternate between your general dentist and periodontist.

Final Word

Admittedly, treatment of periodontics might sound discouraging. however, you'll be able to figure out trained professionals to get your mouth back to good health. And your best periodontal ‘treatment’ is prevention. Brush, floss, and get your teeth clean frequently to forestall periodically and even a lot of serious health issues. We’ll restore your healthy smile, from within, and out!