Rhinoplasty is a facial cosmetic procedure sometimes performed to reinforce the looks or reconstruct the nose throughout cosmetic surgery. During rhinoplasty, the nasal cartilages and bones are modified, or tissue is added, to improve the visual appeal of the nose. Rhinoplasty is also frequently performed to repair nasal fractures. When rhinoplasty is used to repair nasal fractures, the goal is to restore the pre-injury appearance of the nose.
Septorhinoplasty may be a connected procedure performed for patients WHO even have nasal obstruction. Septorhinoplasty not solely improves the looks of the nose, however, it removes any internal obstructions and stabilizes structures that will interfere with nasal respiratory.
Why Should You Consider Rhinoplasty?
Visually the nose is the center part of the face and influences your appearance. Functionally it is very important. Many people expertise discontent with their nose, in terms of its effectiveness for respiratory, its appearance, or both. Just as everyone’s face is exclusive, this is their nose. Some anatomic characteristics of the nose are possible to change, and others are not. Nose problems may stem from an injury, be inherited, or arise from many other conditions.
Rhinoplasty Terminology & Nasal Anatomy
To understand life, it’s essential to grasp the varied components of the nose. The nose is formed of a skinny shell of bone and gristle. A sheet of muscle and skin covers it and it’s lined by damp skin, referred to as mucous membrane. Inside the nose, a sheet of gristle going from front to back separates the left and right nostrils into 2 separate airways. This sheet is named the septum. The septum is roofed by a tissue layer on either side and is often straight and flat. On the outside, the upper two-thirds of the nose is like a half-cylinder, the top half of which is bone and the lower half made of cartilage.
The upper section is called the bony vault. The middle section is called either the upper cartilage area or the middle vault – they are the same thing. The tip is the lower third of the nose and is separate from the bony and middle vault. It’s two upside-down U-shaped cartilages sitting next to each other so that from the base of the nose looking up, they look like the letter M.
The left and right sides of the tip going down to the cheek are the lower nostrils, called the Alar region. The central lower portion, the strip of flesh between the nostrils, is called the columella. The turbinates are fleshy structures inside the nose attached to the inner sidewalls. Turbinates moisten the air inside the nose. Each of the nose structures varies greatly in shape between different people. They are often not symmetrical, with one side having a different shape from the other side.
RHINOPLASTY: Performed if the nose is straight and there’s no respiratory downside, and a form amendment solely is desired.
SEPTOPLASTY: Performed on its own, internally, without any rhinoplasty if the septum is crooked and blocking the nasal airway but the nose is straight on the outside and does not need a shape change.
TURBINECTOMY: The turbinates are trimmed to make more room for air to improve breathing. A Turbinectomy has nothing to do with the external shape of the nose.
SINUS SURGERY: An operation to open up and allow the sinuses to drain better. Sinus surgery has nothing to do with the external shape of the nose.
What’s The Difference Between Open Rhinoplasty & Closed Rhinoplasty?
Is a rhinoplasty technique where the surgeon elects to elevate the nasal skin in order to see the nasal skeleton during the surgery. This involves making an incision inside each nostril, joined by an incision externally across the columella (the thin bridge of tissue at the bottom of the nose between the nostrils).
The Rhinoplasty technique is where the surgeon elects to make all the nasal shape changes via incisions inside the nose, with no external incisions.
What Happens During The Rhinoplasty Operation?
Rhinoplasty surgery is performed either open or closed, nearly always beneath an anesthetic. Once the skin is elevated from the skeleton (the bone and cartilage), the physician can perform a series of planned tasks designed to change the form of the nose, and if necessary improve the airway and crookedness.
These can include some, or even all, of the following:
- Dorsal reduction
- In fracture
- Tip plasty
- Alar base resection
- Cartilage harvest (from the septum)
- Cartilage grafting – spreader grafts, tip grafts, dorsal grafts, columellar grafts, rim grafts, batten grafts
Once all the tasks are done in order to alter the shape to the agreed plan, the incisions are closed, and the operation is complete. While this sounds pretty simple, each one of those tasks is completely different in each nose, and is often tough typically, making an attempt to vary the prevailing form to a replacement form. Usually, an external splint is put on at the end and sometimes internal splints or packs are used on the inside. An absorbent gauze or bolster is placed under the nose, as it often bleeds a little postoperatively for a few hours, or even a day or two. The surgery typically takes from 2 to 3 hours, however betting on the quality, the surgery is often shorter or longer than this.
How Much Does A Nose Job Cost?
According to statistics published by the American Society of Plastic Surgeons in 2014, the average cost of rhinoplasty is $4,694. However, this figure doesn’t include other expenses, such as anesthesia and operating facilities so the total price can range from $5,000 to $10,000.
When Will You See The Rhinoplasty Results?
You will see a noticeable change even though the splint and tapes. The nose will look different immediately after the surgery. While most of the swelling will disappear within two months, the actual healing process takes a full year. Patience is needed, as it will take time to see the final result. Parts of the nose will feel numb and it may take several months for normal sensation to return, with the trip taking longer than the rest. Some sensation of the nasal skin is reduced, which may feel disconcerting for a while.
Are There Risks or Complications with Rhinoplasty Operations?
Any surgical operation brings complications of anesthesia. Your anesthetist will be able to discuss with you the possible complications of having an anesthetic. While your Plastic Surgeon and healthcare team will do everything possible to make your rhinoplasty operation safe, complications are possible. At your consultation, your Plastic Surgeon will advise if the risks of complications are higher or lower for you.
Rhinoplasty Risks & Complications Include
Pain: Your healthcare team will give you medication to control the pain. To reduce discomfort and prevent headaches, it’s important that you take the medication.
Bleeding during or after the operation: You may need to have your nose repacked with a firmer pack or have a pack in the back of your nose (risk: less than 1 in 100). If the bleeding is heavy, you may need a blood transfusion.
Infection of the surgical site (wound): Let your surgeon know if your nose bleeds or if the skin over your nose becomes red, swells, or is tender. An infection usually settles with antibiotics but you may need another operation.
Blood clot in your leg (deep-vein thrombosis – DVT): This can cause pain, swelling, or redness in your leg or the veins near the surface of your leg appear larger than normal. Your healthcare team will assess your risk. They will encourage you to get out of bed soon after the operation and may give you injections, medication, or special stockings to wear. Let the healthcare team know straight away if you think you might have a DVT.
Blood clot in your lung: If a blood clot moves through your bloodstream to your lungs. If you become short of breath, feel pain in your chest or upper back, or if you cough up blood, let the healthcare team know straight away. If you are at home, call an ambulance or go immediately to your nearest Emergency room.
Important to know: So you can make an informed decision, your elected surgeon will discuss the possible risks associated with nose surgery. Although the majority of patients do not experience these complications, it’s important to understand how they can be managed in the event that they occur.